ITAT can’t remand matter to AO if case was remanded to it by HC with specific direction: HC

 ​    Case Details: Pooja Agarwal v. … Continue reading “ITAT can’t remand matter to AO if case was remanded to it by HC with specific direction: HC”
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Case Details: Pooja Agarwal v. Commissioner of Income-tax – [2023] 147 taxmann.com 396 (Rajasthan)

Judiciary and Counsel Details

Pankaj Mithal, CJ. & Anoop Kumar Dhand, J.
Archit Bohra for the Appellant.
Anuroop Singhi & N.S. Bhati for the Respondent.

Facts of the Case

Assessee, an individual, incurred capital gains with respect to the sale of a particular land allegedly situated outside the municipal limits of Jaipur. Considering such land as agricultural land, the assessee filed its return of income, claiming such capital gains to be exempt. However, the Assessing Officer (AO) contended that the land was within the municipal limits and denied considering it agricultural land.

The matter reached the High Court. In disposal, the High Court gave directions to the Tribunal to consider and accordingly verify the distance of land in question from the city’s outskirts. However, in pursuance of the order, the Tribunal remanded the matter to AO for proper verification.

Consequently, a writ petition was filed to the High Court questioning whether the Tribunal was justified in remanding the matter to the AO when the directions of the High Court were strict to the ITAT itself to do the needful.

High Court Held

The High Court held that the Tribunal remanded the matter to AO merely because the distance verification required proper and supporting evidence, which was not provided to it. The Tribunal could have requested the revenue authority to make all the needed evidence available.

The Tribunal, being the last fact-finding authority, has the power to record the finding of is akin to that of the Assessing Officer/CIT (Appeals). Also, when the High Court issues the direction, the Tribunal is expected to follow the same in pith and substance.

The Tribunal, without taking the help of the Revenue Authority, remanded the matter to the AO to record finding with regard to the distance of the land. It is entirely in derogation of the spirit of the order of the High Court.

Therefore, the Tribunal manifestly erred in remanding the matter to AO instead of recording the finding with regard to the distance of the land itself and is entirely in derogation of the spirit of the order of the High Court.

List of Cases Reviewed

Tribunal’s order in Ms. Pooja Agarwal v. Asstt. CIT [IT Appeal No. 927 (JP) of 2012, dated 2-12-2019] set aside.

List of Cases Referred to

CIT v. Ms. Pooja Agarwal [IT Appeal No. 28 of 2014, dated 8-11-2017] (para 2).

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